The aim of this study was to present the results of a new bladder closure and augmentation technique in children born with bladder exstrophy where primary surgical closure was impossible. The technique was performed in four children with small, noncompliant, inelastic bladders in which secondary changes such as squamous epithelial metaplasia and polypoid transformation had developed. During the opration, a full-thickness rectus abdominis muscle island flap with an intact neurovascular pedicle was prepared from the left abdominal quadrant and rotated to cover the bladder defect and aid in augmentation. The inner layer formed by peritoneum was sutured to the edges of the bladder defect. Postoperative endoscopic and histopathologic investigations revealed the inner, peritoneal layer of the flap to be completely covered by transitional urinary bladder epithelium. Considering the advantages of the technique from this limited experience, the evidence suggests that there is no need for a major gastrointestinal operation for bladder augmentation. A reasonable bladder capacity was available, there was no mucus production from the inner layer of the flap, and metabolic and electrolyte disturbances were reduced.