Boron removal by means of chemical precipitation with calcium hydroxide and calcium borate formation


YILMAZ A. E., Boncukcuoglu R., BAYAR S., Fil B. A., Kocakerim M. M.

KOREAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol.29, no.10, pp.1382-1387, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

Boron removal was investigated by chemical precipitation from aqueous solutions containing boron using calcium hydroxide. pH, initial boron concentration, amount of Ca(OH)(2), stirring speed and solution temperature were selected as operational parameters in a batch system. The highest boron removal efficiency was reached at pH 1.0. Increasing initial boron concentration and amount of calcium hydroxide raised to boron removal efficiency. Boron removal efficiency was highest at a stirring speed of 150 rpm. The most important parameter affecting boron removal efficiency was solution temperature. Increasing solution temperature increased importantly boron removal. XRD analysis showed that CaB3O3(OH)(5)center dot 4H(2)O, which is a borate mineral called inyoite, occurred between Ca(OH)(2) and borate ions. As a result of the obtained experimental data, when the optimum operational conditions were selected, over 96% of boron removal efficiency was reached by this method.