Let there be light: Inhibitory effect of photic stimulation on spike frequency in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis


Elmali A. D., Ozcelik E. U., Bebek N., BAYKAL B.

EPILEPSY RESEARCH, vol.176, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 176
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2021.106734
  • Journal Name: EPILEPSY RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Intermittent photic stimulation, Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, Hippocampal sclerosis, Inhibition, JUVENILE MYOCLONIC EPILEPSY, SELF-CONTROL, SEIZURES, PRECIPITATION
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Inhibition of epileptic discharges and seizures by sensory stimuli is an interesting phenomenon, but highly understudied. Here, we aimed to investigate the modulation of epileptiform discharges in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) via photic stimulation (PS), based on a hypothesis that light stimulation may activate thalamocortical networks limiting the propagation of interictal epileptiform discharges. In order to do so, all EEGs performed in patients diagnosed with MTLE-HS were reviewed to include available recordings with definite epileptiform abnormalities. These were reevaluated by two clinical neurophysiologists independently, and spikes were counted in a blinded manner to calculate spike index (SI) (spikes per minute-pm) for baseline EEG, hyperventilation (HV), and PS periods. Our final study group consisted of 30 MTLE-HS patients with a mean age of 34.5 (+/- 12.5) years. Mean seizure frequency was 38.1 per year (+/- 46.6), and the mean disease duration was 16.2 years (+/- 12.1). Mean SI during baseline was calculated as 1.17 pm (+/- 1.4), during HV 2.1 pm (+/- 2.8) and during PS 0.8 pm (+/- 2.5). As a result, SI was significantly lower during PS compared to baseline (p = 0.001). Our findings suggest that PS has a remarkable inhibitory effect on epileptiform discharges in MTLE-HS patients, indicating the need for further prospective investigations for clinical translation.