World Journal of Urology, vol.41, no.5, pp.1229-1233, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Urolithiasis, which prevalence is increasing, poses a risk for chronic kidney disease in patients. Dietary habits play a significant role in stone formation, growth and recurrence. Also, comorbidities and lifestyle changes are among the factors affecting stone formation. The next step should be to detect metabolic disorders, if any, with analyzes to be made after a detailed anamnesis, and to arrange the necessary treatment. Insufficient fluid intake is considered to be the main dietary risk factor for urolithiasis. A daily fluid intake of 2.5–3.0 L/day or diuresis of 2.0–2.5 L/day is recommended to prevent recurrence of kidney stones. Not all beverages are beneficial, and some may even increase the risk of stone formation. Dietary management, vitamins and supplements, physical activity are important components in reducing the risk of recurrent urolithiasis. A detailed dietary assessment is recommended as dietary habits affect the faith of the disease. In this review we evaluated the dietary approach of urolithiasis patients with and without comorbidities, the recommended daily fluid intake, vitamin supplementation, and relation of the urolithiasis with physical activity.