Medial circumflex femoral artery with different origin and course: a case report and review of the literature

Ciftcioglu E., Kale A., Kopuz C., Edizer M., Aydin E., Demir M. T.

FOLIA MORPHOLOGICA, cilt.68, ss.188-191, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 68 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.188-191


The femoral artery (FA) and its branches play important roles in the arterial supply of the lower extremity If the femoral artery is occluded, the circulation of the extremity is maintained by certain anastomoses. Therefore, identification of variations of these arteries is critical from a clinical and surgical point of view During routine anatomical dissections for student education at the Department of Anatomy of the School of Medicine at Ondokuz Mayis University, a variation of the medial circumflex femoral artery (MCFA) was observed and photographed in a male, formalin-fixed cadaver aged 55 years. In this case, MCFA branched off from the posterolateral aspect of the FA 32 mm distal to the inguinal ligament. A frequency rate of 17-26% has been reported regarding this variation. However, MCFA emerging from the postero-lateral aspect of the FA and its course, as in this case, is not that frequent. Knowledge of anomalies in the emergence and course of the arteries that join the cruciate anastomosis and are important in the arterial supply of the head and neck of the femur appear to be a critical component that requires caution during surgical interventions towards this region. (Folia Morphol 2009; 68, 3: 188-191)