The effect of aminoguanidine on urinary heparan sulphate levels in experimental diabetes

Unlucerci Y., Bekpmar S., Seferoglu G.

ACTA DIABETOLOGICA, vol.37, no.2, pp.71-76, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s005920070022
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.71-76
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


In the present study, we investigated whether the ameliorating effect of aminoguanidine on diabetes-related proteinuria and nephropathy is associated with glomerular basement membrane heparan sulphate contents. STZ-induced diabetic rats developed proteinuria (at the tenth week: diabetic rats, 713 +/- 418 mg protein per millimole creatinine; control rats, <30) and increased urinary heparan sulphate excretion (diabetic rats, 1400 +/- 83 g/mmol creatinine; control rats, 41 +/- 13; p < 0.001), suggesting loss of glomerular basement membrane charge. Aminoguanidine treatment of diabetic rats diminished urinary heparan sulphate levels (196 +/- 52), suggesting high incorporation of heparan sulphate-associated charge into glomerular basement membrane. Aminoguanidine administration to diabetic rats also relatively improved proteinuria (456 +/- 255). It is concluded that aminoguanidine treatment has a relative beneficial effect by restoring the diabetes-induced change in renal basement membrane heparan sulphate levels.