BackgroundAspergillus fumigatus is the species section Fumigati most frequently isolated from the respiratory tract of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Recent studies suggest that mutations in the Cyp51 gene, particularly TR34/L98H, are responsible for azole resistance.Objectives and MethodsThe focus of this study was on section Fumigati isolates isolated from the respiratory tract samples of CF patients. More specifically, the goal was to detect A. fumigatus isolates, test their antifungal susceptibility to itraconazole, voriconazole and posaconazole, and finally determine the presence of TR34/L98H and other mutations in the isolates Cyp51A gene.Results and ConclusionsA set of 31 isolates of Aspergillus section Fumigati were obtained from the sputum samples of 6 CF patients and subsequently identified to species level by microsatellite genotyping. All isolates were determined as A. fumigatus and involved 14 different genotypes. The minimal inhibitory concentrations to the three azoles were determined by the E-test method, and the Cyp51A gene was sequenced. One of the genotypes was found to be resistant to all azoles but no mutations were detected in the Cyp51A gene, especially the TR34/L98H mutation. Therefore, mutations in genes other than Cyp51A or other distinct mechanisms may be responsible for this reported multiazole resistance found in a Turkish CF patient.