The purpose of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging findings of granulomatous hepatitis on T1-weighted, T2-weighted and postgadolinium images. Eight patients with histopathological diagnosis of granulomatous hepatitis were evaluated in this study. MRI examinations included precontrast T1-weighted breath-hold spoiled gradient echo, breathing independent STIR sequences, and T1-weighted breath-hold spoiled gradient-echo sequence following after i.v. gadolinium administration in arterial, intermediate and late phases. Diffuse nodular liver involvement was visualized in all patients. Nodules were consistent with granulomas and were 0.5-4.5 cm in diameter. Caseating granulomas were intermediate and high signal on T2-weighted, low signal on T1-weighted images. They revealed no enhancement in two patients, and enhanced in one patient. Noncaseating granulomas revealed intermediate signal on T1, and T2-weighted images and increased enhancement on arterial phase images with persisting enhancement in late phase images. Portal lymph nodes were visible in live patients. Splenomegaly was present in five patients. Granulomatous hepatitis has spectrum of MRI features, to be considered in differential diagnosis with other diffuse nodular liver pathologies. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.