Localised corrosion behaviour of biomedical implant materials using electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation and critical pitting potential methods

Mutlu I. , Oktay E.

CORROSION ENGINEERING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.50, no.1, pp.72-79, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1179/1743278214y.0000000192
  • Page Numbers: pp.72-79


In this study, localised corrosion properties of the biomedical grade Ti-Nb-Cu alloy and AISI 316 austenitic stainless steel specimens were investigated. Ti-Nb-Cu alloy specimens were produced by powder metallurgy method. Nb was used for beta-phase Ti stabiliser. Beta-Ti phase has low Young's modulus close to bone, higher wear resistance and biocompatibility. Cu was added to enhance sinterability of the Ti-Nb-Cu alloy; in addition, Cu is antibacterial. The AISI 316 austenitic stainless steel alloy was investigated as wrought (fully dense) specimens. Localised corrosion properties of the Ti-Nb-Cu and AISI 316 stainless steel alloys were examined by electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation, critical pitting potential and Tsujikawa-Hisamatsu electrochemical tests in Hank's simulated body fluid solution. Effect of the Cu content of the Ti-Nb-Cu alloys and pH level of the simulated body fluid on the corrosion behaviour of the specimens was studied.