Major determinants of height development in Turner syndrome (TS) patients treated with GH: Analysis of 987 patients from KIGS

Ranke M. B., Lindberg A., Ferrandez Longas A., Darendeliler F. F., Albertsson-Wikland K., Dunger D., ...More

PEDIATRIC RESEARCH, vol.61, no.1, pp.105-110, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1203/01.pdr.0000250039.42000.c9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-110
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Little is known about factors determining height outcome during GH treatment in Turner syndrome (TS). We investigated 987 TS children within the Kabi International Growth Study (KIGS) who had reached near adult height (NAH) after > 4 y GH treatment (including > 1 y before puberty). Through multiple regression analysis we developed a model for NAH and total gain. Our results were as follows (median): 1) At start, age 9.7 yrs, height (HT) 118.0 cm (0.0 TS SDS), projected adult height 146.1 cm, GH dose 0.27 mg/kg wk; 2) NAH HT 151.0 cm (1.5 TS SDS); 3) Prepubertal gain 21.2 cm (1.6 TS SDS); 4) Pubertal gain 9.4 cm (0.0 TS SDS). NAH correlated (r(2) = 0.67) with (ranked) HT at GH start (+), Is' year responsiveness to GH (+), MPH (+), age at puberty onset (+), age at GH start (-), and dose (+). The same factors explained (R-2 = 0.90) the total HT gain. However, HT at GH start correlated negatively. Karyotype had no influence on outcome. Evidently, height at GH start (the taller, the better), age at GH start (the younger, the better), the responsiveness to GH (the higher, the better) and age at puberty (the later, the better) determine NAH.