Effect of Agitation Speed on Adsorption of Imidacloprid on Activated Carbon


Zahoor M.

JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF PAKISTAN, cilt.33, sa.3, ss.305-312, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 33 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF PAKISTAN
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.305-312

Özet

The adsorptive characteristics of imidacloprid on powdered activated carbon were described. The adsorption experiments were carried out as function of time, initial concentration and agitation speed. The equilibrium data fits well to Langmuir adsorption isotherm, while the kinetic data fits well to Pseudo second order kinetic model. The kinetic experiments were carried out at 200, 250, 300 and 350 rpm and it was found that the equilibrium time increases with increase in initial concentration and decreases with increase in agitation speed. This is due to the increased turbulence and as a consequence, the decrease boundary layer thickness around the adsorbent particles as a result of increasing the degree of mixing. At 300rpm the adsorption capacity was maximum and beyond this there was no significant increase in adsorption capacity. Weber intraparticle diffusion model was used to describe the adsorption mechanism. It was found that both the boundary layer and intraparticle diffusion for both adsorbents played important role in the adsorption mechanisms of the adsorbate. The effects of temperature and pH on adsorption were also studied. It was found that the adsorption capacity of the adsorbent decreases with increase in temperature. There was no significant change in adsorption from pH 2 to 8, however at high pH a decrease in adsorption of imidacloprid on activated carbon was observed.