A survey of trachoma: The histopathology and the mechanism of progressive cicatrization of eyelid tissues

Guzey M., Ozardali I., Basar E., Aslan G., Satici A., Karadede S.

OPHTHALMOLOGICA, cilt.214, ss.277-284, 2000 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 214 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2000
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000027504
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.277-284


The aim of this study is to demonstrate the spectrum of conditions encompassed by the term 'trachomatous cicatrization of eyelid tissue', to discuss the mechanisms of scar tissue formation and to describe sequelae in this potentially blinding condition. Specimens of eyelid tissues were taken from 27 upper eyelids of 21 patients with entropion who underwent surgical procedures and 2 post-mortem upper eyelids with severe trachomatous entropion, Upper palpebral conjunctival swabs and biopsy specimens were taken from 5 patients with active trachoma and they were examined by fluorescence microscopy and routine histopathological methods. Conjunctival impression cytology samples were collected in all patients, In specimens taken from patients with active trachoma the inflammatory infiltrate was organized as lymphoid follicles in the underlying stroma and impression cytology showed cytoplasm ic elementary bodies. In specimens taken from patients with scarring trachoma light microscopy studies showed subepithelial fibrous membrane formation, squamous metaplasia and loss of goblet cells, pseudogland formation in conjunctiva, degeneration of orbicularis oculi muscle fibres, subepithelial vascular dilatation, localized perivascular amyloidosis and subepithelial lymphocytic infiltration, Accessory lachrymal glands and the ducts of glands were compromised by subepithelial infiltration and scarring, The contraction of the subepithelial fibrous tissue formed by collagen fibres a nd anterior surface drying a re the main factors contributing to the chronic cicatrization and entropion formation.