Formation, Crisis, and Dissolution of the Corporatist State in Mexico


Erol E.

SIYASAL-JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCES, vol.30, no.1, pp.129-149, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : SIYASAL-JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.129-149

Abstract

One can claim the possibility that the corporatist state structure was a concrete consequence of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) because it positioned Mexico differently in the Latin American region in terms of political stability. The Mexican Revolution derived its legitimacy from the still vigilant 1917 Constitution, which represents the political character of the revolution and was institutionalized through an official state party. Moreover, it enabled 71 years of uninterrupted one-party rule that enjoyed ultimate dominance on state apparatus, forms of political participation, and economic structure. The study aims to evaluate the sui generis character of socioeconomic conditions, from which a new power bloc emerged in Mexico. Analysis was conducted on the institutionalization of the Mexican Revolution in the form of the Mexican corporatist state, consecutive crisis, and dissolution of the political structure in the 1980s. In this vein, the study emphasized that addressing the main structural conditions that transformed the Mexican corporatist socioeconomic form and identifying the contradictions created with its final dissolution are important to understand the impact of the sui generis social form on the contemporary crisis of neoliberalism in Mexico.