Avrasya'da Türkiyat ve Şarkiyat Araştırmaları, cilt.1, ss.250-282, 2018 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)
The first information about the city we can meet in the IX-X century in
the Arabic and Persian historical sources and in the work of Mahmud alQashghari Divan al-Lughat al-Turk. Syghanaq was under the leading of
Oghuz and in the middle of XII century was the land of Qangly and
Kipchaks. The reason of changing of the name of the city Syghanaq in
historical researches is that there were many works in different languages
Arabic, Persian and Russian. The city was called Sunak, Sunah, Sunaq in the
X-XII centuries and later it was called Syghanaq. In the materials of Arabic
scientists, the name of the city changed relating to using the letters «sod»
and «sin», and we have not to forget that there were also works in Persian.
But nowadays the city Syghanaq is called Sunaq or Sunaq Ata. For example
Yaqut al-Hamawi al-Rumi in his work Mu‘jam al-Buldan about Syghanaq,
that Syghanaq located near the city Farab along Saihun and the name of the
city is Sunah (al-Hamawi, 1977: 47).
Actually, it is clear, that all medieval cities were developed not only
economically, also culturally. There were many religious schools, and
Islamic religion was the main religion in this area. There were lots of
scientists who worked on the issues of spreading of the Islamic religion in
this area. Syghanaq is the city on the famous Silk Way and connects the East
and West, and Mawarannahr with China and the Arabic and Persian lands.
In the description of the city Syghanaq of medieval historians, Syghanaq is
trade-economical center in this area.