Objective. To determine whether transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2) gene polymorphism is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility. TGF-beta is a multifunctional family of cytokines important in tissue repair, inflammation and immunoregulation. SLE is thought to be a T cell dependent autoimmune disorder with T cell dysfunction. Due to its known suppressive effects on interleukin 2 dependent T cell growth, TGF-beta2 is considered to be a candidate SLE susceptibility gene. Furthermore, SLE has been linked with a region to which the TGF-B2 gene has been mapped.