Elaboration and electrochemical characterization of Mg-Ni hydrogen storage alloy electrodes for Ni/MH batteries

Agaoglu G. , Orhan G.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.42, no.12, pp.8098-8108, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.12.042
  • Page Numbers: pp.8098-8108


Mg-Ni hydrogen storage alloy electrodes with composition of Mg-33, 50, 67 Ni at. % in amorphous phase were prepared by means of mechanical alloying (MA) process using a planetary ball mill. The electrochemical hydrogen storage characteristics and mechanisms of these electrodes were investigated by electrochemical measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analyses. The relationship between alloy composition and electrochemical properties was evaluated. In addition, optimum milling time and composition of Mg-Ni hydrogen storage alloy with acceptable electrochemical performance were determined. XRD results show that the alloys exhibit dominatingly amorphous structures after milling of 20 h. The electrochemical measurements revealed that the discharge capacity of Mg33Ni67 and Mg67Ni33 alloy electrodes reached a maximum when alloys were prepared after 20 h of milling time (260 and 381 mAhg(-1), respectively). The maximum discharge capacity of Mg50Ni50 alloy was observable after 40 h milling (525 mAhg(-1)). It was also found that the cyclic stability of the alloys increased with increasing Ni content. Among these alloys, the amorphous MgsoNiso alloy presents the best overall electrochemical performance. In this paper, electrode process kinetics of MgsoNiso alloy electrode was also studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization measurements. The impedance spectra of electrodes were measured at different depths of discharge (DODs). The observed spectra were fit well with the equivalent circuit model used in the paper. The electrochemical parameters calculated from electrochemical impedance were also compared. The electrochemical discharge and cyclic performance of 20, 40 and 60 h milled MgsoNiso alloy electrodes were demonstrated by the fitted charge transfer resistance and Warburg impedance obtained at various DODs. It was further observed that the controlling-step of the discharge process changed from a mixed rate-determining process at lower DODs to a mass-transfer controlled process at higher DODs. The fitted results demonstrated that charge-transfer resistance (R-ct) increased with DOD. The R-ct of 40 h milled Mg50Ni50 alloy (29.27 Omega) was lower than that of 20 h (41.89 Omega) and 60 h milled alloys (92.43 Omega) at fully discharge state. (C) 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.