Electrospun amorphous CoOx/C composite nanofibers doped with heteroatoms for symmetric supercapacitors


Üstün B., Aydın H., Naci Koç S., KURTAN Ü.

Fuel, vol.341, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 341
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fuel.2023.127735
  • Journal Name: Fuel
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Amorphous cobalt oxide, Composite nanofibers, Heteroatom doping, Supercapacitors
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Amorphous cobalt oxide nanoparticles were prepared in heteroatom-doped carbon (CoOx/C) composite nanofibers by simple electrospinning and carbonization techniques. In this structure, heteroatom doping mainly provides capacitance and maintains the stability of the nanostructure, while amorphous cobalt oxide not only enhances ion diffusion but also optimizes electronic conduction. The nanofibers were comparatively studied using SEM-EDX, HR-TEM, XRD, Raman, FTIR, and XPS. The obtained amorphous CoOx/C composite nanofibers with heteroatoms doped (C2 electrode) displayed a specific capacitance of 172 F/g at 1 A/g, which is higher than other compositions (102.6 F/g for C0 electrode and 129.5 F/g for C1 electrode) in the two-electrode system. Most importantly, it had a good rate capability of 81.4 % at 10 A/g and a high cycle performance of 82.4 % after 10 000 cycles. In addition, at a specific power of 250 W/kg, it provides a specific energy of 5.97 Wh/kg. The synergistic effect amorphous cobalt oxide and polar effects by heteroatoms (nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen) increased the electrochemical performance.