The Parcelled State: A Political and Historical Framework for the Current Intra-State Crisis in Turkey


BEKMEN A.

Journal of Contemporary Asia, vol.54, no.3, pp.502-522, 2024 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00472336.2023.2205863
  • Journal Name: Journal of Contemporary Asia
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, American History and Life, CAB Abstracts, Historical Abstracts, Index Islamicus, PAIS International, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.502-522
  • Keywords: authoritarian statism, Authoritarianism, power networks, state crisis, Turkey
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This article puts Turkey’s current state crisis into a historical perspective. During the transition to neo-liberalism after the hegemony crisis of the late 1970s, a critical objective for those in the high echelons of bureaucracy and ruling politicians was to ensure the security of state apparatuses. However, the policies implemented to achieve this led to fragmentation in both the state and the political spheres. Thus, during the second half of the 1990s and during the 2000s, the state became a field for open warfare between power networks that had established direct links between state apparatuses, political society, and civil society. These fragmentations–that is the parcellation of state apparatuses–triggered an intra-state crisis. Regarding the formation of the state and the political spheres in the neo-liberal era, this article shows that Turkey is a unique case in the debate on variegated forms of authoritarian statism.