Comparisons of Clinical Features and Outcomes of COVID-19 between Patients with Pediatric Onset Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases and Healthy Children


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HAŞLAK F., VAROL Ş. E., Gunalp A., KAYNAR Ö., Yildiz M., Adrovic A., ...More

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, vol.11, no.8, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/jcm11082102
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, rheumatology, pediatrics, familial Mediterranean fever, CORONAVIRUS, DIAGNOSIS, SERIES
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

(1) Background: We aimed to describe the clinical features and outcomes of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in children and late adolescents with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) and to measure their severity risks by comparing them with healthy children. (2) Methods: Among children and late adolescents found to be severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, IRD patients with an at least six-months follow-up duration, and healthy children were included in the study. Data were obtained retrospectively. (3) Results: A total of 658 (339 (51.5%) females) (healthy children: 506, IRD patients: 152) subjects were included in the study. While 570 of 658 (86.6%) experienced COVID-19-related symptoms, only 21 (3.19%) required hospitalization with a median duration of 5 (1-30) days. Fever, dry cough, and fatigue were the most common symptoms. None of evaluated subjects died, and all recovered without any significant sequelae. The presence of any IRD was found to increase the risk of both hospitalization (OR: 5.205; 95% CI: 2.003-13.524) and symptomatic infection (OR: 2.579; 95% CI: 1.068-6.228). Furthermore, increasing age was significantly associated with symptomatic infection (OR: 1.051; 95% CI: 1.009-1.095). (4) Conclusions: Our study emphasizes that pediatric rheumatologists should monitor their patients closely for relatively poor COVID-19 outcomes.