Genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of Dehalobacter UNSWDHB in response to chloroform

Jugder B., Ertan H., Wong Y. K. , Braidy N., Manefield M., Marquis C. P. , ...More

ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY REPORTS, vol.8, no.5, pp.814-824, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1758-2229.12444
  • Page Numbers: pp.814-824


Organohalide respiring bacteria (ORB) are capable of utilising organohalides as electron acceptors for the generation of cellular energy and consequently play an important role in the turnover of natural and anthropogenically-derived organohalides. In this study, the response of a Dehalobacter sp. strain UNSWDHB to the addition of trichloromethane (TCM) after a 50 h period of its absence (suffocation) was evaluated from a transcriptomic and proteomic perspective. The up-regulation of TCM reductive dehalogenase genes (tmrABC) and their gene products (TmrABC) was confirmed at both transcriptional and proteomic levels. Other findings include the upregulation of various hydrogenases (membrane-associated Ni-Fe hydrogenase complexes and soluble Fe-Fe hydrogenases), formate dehydrogenases, complex I and a pyrophosphate-energized proton pump. The elevated expression of enzymes associated with carbon metabolism, including complete Wood Ljungdahl pathway, during TCM respiration raises interesting questions on possible fates of intracellular formate and its potential role in the physiology of this bacterium. Overall, the findings presented here provide a broader view on the bioenergetics and general physiology of Dehalobacter UNSWDHB cells actively respiring with TCM.