We present the first report of a stray dog that recovered from canine compulsive disorder (CD)/obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) leading to self-mutilation in Turkey. The dog was brought to a private veterinary clinic in Ankara with severe injuries on his rear paws and tail. During the routine clinical examination, it was noticed that he was displaying repetitive attacks to his hind end. A presumptive diagnosis of CD/OCD was made on the basis of the clinical examination and outdoor observation. After 6 months of treatment involving behavioral modification and medication, a large decrease in intensity and frequency of the CD was observed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.