© 2018 Elsevier LtdIn nature, microbes tend to form synergistic biofilms on a wide range of materials using extracellular polymeric substances to embed sessile cells. Problematic biofilms provide environments conducive to the occurrence of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in many industries. MIC includes corrosion caused by microbes as well as corrosion by another pre-existing corrosion agent that is accelerated by microbes. There are several distinct types of MIC mechanisms associated with different microbial species and metabolism types. Biofilms employ different defense mechanisms to protect themselves from environmental hazards. This makes sessile cells in biofilms much more resistant to treatment than planktonic cells. Biofilms are often treated with biocides together with physical scrubbing. Various approaches have been developed to boost biocide efficacy. New emerging technologies such as bacterial phages, quorum sensing inhibitors, and special chemicals to enhance biocides have been proposed in recent years. This review evaluates these different treatment methods and various techniques used to assess biocide treatment outcome including microbiology, molecular biology, corrosion testing and electrochemical methods.