JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, vol.488, pp.24-31, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
Comparative studies of total and basal respiration rate, body mass density, gravity sinking, routine and escape swimming speeds in sac-spawning and broadcast-spawning females of Pseudocalanus elongatus and Acartia clausi, respectively, were conducted. The effect of temperature on the behavior of females with different fecundity status was investigated. In ovigerous females of P. elongatus extra energy expenditures related to ovisac gravity and hydrodynamic resistance during ovisac transport were estimated. Total respiration rate of non-brooding females of A. clausi and P. elongatus amounting to 0.076 and 0.079 mu g 02 ind(-1) h(-1), respectively, were about 1.3 fold lower than that of P. elongatus females carrying on average 10 eggs in the sac (0.101 mu g O-2 ind(-1)h(-1)). Nevertheless, weight-specific cost of body and egg sac transport in ovigerous P. elongatus (0.11 mu g C mu g C-1 d(-1)) was lower than the cost of body transport of A. clausi without eggs (0.14 mu g C mu g C-1 d(-1)). This indicates greater energy efficiency of uniform routine swimming in P. elongatus in comparison with jump-sink mode of reposition in A. clausi. A significant increase in sinking speed of ovigerous females of P. elongatus (1.2 fold and 1.7 fold in comparison with non-brooding P. elongatus and A. clausi, respectively) and decrease in swimming speed (13 fold and 1.8 fold in comparison with non-brooding P. elongatus and A. clausi) seem to make them more vulnerable to the visual predators. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.