Postantibiotic Effects of Tigecycline, Colistin Sulfate, and Levofloxacin Alone or Tigecycline-Colistin Sulfate and Tigecycline-Levofloxacin Combinations against Acinetobacter baumannii


Ozbek B. , Senturk A.

CHEMOTHERAPY, cilt.56, sa.6, ss.466-471, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 56 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000321015
  • Dergi Adı: CHEMOTHERAPY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.466-471

Özet

Background: Colistin sulfate and levofloxacin, alone and in combination with tigecycline, were investigated for their in vitro activities and postantibiotic effects (PAEs) on 6 meropenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Methods: The in vitro activities of colistin sulfate and levofloxacin in combination with tigecycline were determined using a microbroth checkerboard technique. The results were interpreted based on the fractional inhibitory concentration index. To determine the PAEs, A. baumannii strains in the logarithmic phase of growth were exposed for 1 h to antibiotics, alone and in combination. Recovery periods of test cultures were evaluated using viable counting after centrifugation. Results: One synergistic interaction was observed for each of the tigecycline-colistin sulfate and tigecycline-levofloxacin combinations. Colistin sulfate produced a strong PAE ranging from 2.50 to 7.0 h in a concentration-dependent manner. PAEs were induced by levofloxacin (ranging from 0.35 to 2.45 h) and tigecycline (ranging from 0.05 to 1.40 h). In combination, tigecycline slightly changed the PAE of colistin sulfate and levofloxacin against the studied strains. Conclusion: This study's findings could have important implications for the timing of doses during antimicrobial therapy with tigecycline, colistin sulfate, and levofloxacin alone and in combination. copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel