The Impact of Patellar Tendon Advancement on Knee Joint Moment and Muscle Forces in Patients with Cerebral Palsy

KARABULUT D., Arslan Y. Z., Gotze M., Wolf S.

LIFE-BASEL, vol.11, no.9, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/life11090944
  • Journal Name: LIFE-BASEL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: cerebral palsy, crouch gait, patellar tendon advancement, knee muscle forces, knee joint moment, modeling and simulation, FEMORAL EXTENSION OSTEOTOMY, PERSISTENT CROUCH GAIT, MULTILEVEL SURGERY, SPASTIC DIPLEGIA, CHILDREN, MANAGEMENT, MECHANISM, CAPACITY, HIP
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Patellar tendon advancement (PTA) is performed for the treatment of crouch gait in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). In this study, we aimed to determine the influence of PTA in the context of single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) on knee joint moment and muscle forces through musculoskeletal modeling; Methods: Gait data of children with CP and crouch gait were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were included if they had a SEMLS with a PTA (PTA group, n = 18) and a SEMLS without a PTA (NoPTA group, n = 18). A musculoskeletal model was used to calculate the pre- and postoperative knee joint moments and muscle forces; Results: Knee extensor moment increased in the PTA group postoperatively (p = 0.016), but there was no statistically significant change in the NoPTA group (p > 0.05). The quadriceps muscle forces increased for the PTA group (p = 0.034), while there was no difference in the NoPTA group (p > 0.05). The hamstring muscle forces increased in the PTA group (p = 0.039), while there was no difference in the NoPTA group (p > 0.05); Conclusions: PTA was found to be an effective surgery for the treatment of crouch gait. It contributes to improving knee extensor moment, decreasing knee flexor moment, and enhancing the quadriceps and hamstring muscle forces postoperatively.