Assessment of Excavatability, Abrasivity and Slope Stability in a Sandstone Quarry in Istanbul, Turkey

Er S., Yılmaz M. , ertin A., Tugrul A. , Tokgoz N.

JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, cilt.89, sa.5, ss.581-588, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 89 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12594-017-0647-2
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.581-588


The Cebeci region is characterized by outcrops of Carboniferous sandstone, including diabase dykes. This region is very important area for aggregate production in Istanbul, Turkey. The aim of this study is to determine the engineering geological properties of sandstones to assess the excavatability, abrasivity and stability of cut slopes in a quarry site. Firstly, the sandstone samples were used to determine their petrographical and mineralogical characteristics. Then, physico-mechanical tests were performed on these samples. In order to determine rock mass properties, scan-line surveys were performed, and the major orientations of discontinuities were analyzed through the stereographic projection technique. Kinematical analyses were also made to determine the potential failures at the quarry site. According to the results obtained, excavatability is changed from easy ripping to hard ripping on sandstones; the carbonated sandstone is less abrasive than other sandstones. Based on the field studies and stability analyses of the cut slopes, optimum slope geometry and necessary support measures, such as wire mesh and rock fall barriers, are suggested.