Comparison of geriatric syndromes according to gender over seventy-five years old in the elderly

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Kılıç C., Başkent A., Bahat-Öztürk G., Tufan F., Karan M. A.

European Geriatric Medicine, Lisbon, Portugal, 5 - 07 October 2016, pp.105

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Lisbon
  • Country: Portugal
  • Page Numbers: pp.105
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: In this study, individuals over seventy-five years  old living in the community was undertaken to examine the situation of geriatric syndromes according to gender.

Methods: In the study; 203 patients, 67(33%) were male  and 136(67%) were  female. The  mean age  80,92 ± 4,3(7699); of  group total; in men 80,75 ± 4.5(76–92) years,  and  women women 81,01 ± 4,2(76–99) years.  Patients with urinary incontinence, fecal  incontinence, sleep disorders, falls,  chronic  pain,   malnutrition  and   the   effects,   visual impairment, hearing impairment, immobility, cognitive impairment, balance and  gait  disturbances, depression and  constipation, geriatric syndromes were questionned. General total,  average, and  percentage comparisons between gender groups were evaluated using  appropri- ate statistical methods.

Results: The  mean number of  geriatric syndromes  in  cases   were

4,0 ± 2,5(011). The mean number of geriatric syndromes in men by gender  was   3,0 ± 2,2(010), while  in  women was   4,5 ± 2,5(011), respectively. Women’s average number of geriatric syndromes, were statistically higher  than  men  to   be   highly  significant  (t = 3.98, p = 0.000).  When the  groups by gender in the  prevalence of geriatric syndromes examined, about urinary incontinence, sleep disorders, chronic pain,  malnutrition and  the  effects,  immobility,  balance and gait  disorders there was  statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). Other; there wasn’t  any  statistically significant difference in  fecal incontinence, falls, visual  impairment, hearing impairment, cognitive impairment, depression and  constipation (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Old age is a period of life that is accompanied by a lot of health  problems. This  study shows that  the   number of  geriatric syndromes in  the   female gender  ar higher than  in  men of  the elderly. It will be considered that, the  programs for the  elderly, would be  useful  for  the  necessary evaluation regarding common geriatric syndromes.