Distributions of total metals in the surface sediments of the Bandirma and Erdek Gulfs, Marmara Sea, Turkey

Mulayim A. , Balkis N. , Balkis H. , Aksu A.

TOXICOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY, cilt.94, ss.56-69, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 94 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/02772248.2011.633914
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.56-69


The aim of this study is to determine the contents of aluminum, iron, manganese, nickel, copper, zinc, chromium, cadmium, lead, and mercury in sediments at 1-30m depths of the Bandirma and Erdek Gulfs in the Southern Inner Shelf of the Marmara Sea. Sediment samples were collected from different depths (1 m, 5m, 10m, 20m, 30m) at each region in February 2008. Primary hydrographic conditions, such as temperature (6.6-14.5 degrees C), salinity (22.6-26.875 psu), percentage of dissolved oxygen saturation (35-83 %), and pH (8.0-8.4) were recorded for each sampling point. Moreover the total organic carbon (0.5-2.9%) and the total calcium carbonate contents (0.8-60%) of sediment samples were determined. In surface sediments of both gulfs, Pb (21-62mg kg(-1)) and Cd (0.52-0.86 mg kg(-1)) contents were determined to be higher than the shale average (Pb 20mg kg(-1), Cd 0.2 mg kg(-1)) while the other metal contents were measured to be lower in general. On the other hand, generally Hg (0.06-1.1 mg kg(-1)) contents were higher than the shale average (0.3 mg kg(-1)) at all of the examined stations in the Bandirma Gulf and lower than the shale average in the Erdek Gulf.