The effect of chronic long-term intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CLTIHH) on blood rheology is not completely investigated. We designed this study to determine the effect of CLTIHH on blood rheology parameters. Present study was performed in 16 male Spraque-Dawley rats that divided into CLTIHH and Control groups. To obtain CLTIHH, rats were placed in a hypobaric chamber (430 mmHg; 5 hours/day, 5 days/week, 5 weeks). The control rats stayed in the same environment as the CLTIHH rats but they breathed room air. In the blood samples aspirated from the heart, hematocrit, whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, plasma fibrinogen concentration, erythrocyte rigidity index and oxygen delivery index were determined. The whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, hematocrit and fibrinogen concentration values in the CLTIHH group were found to be higher than those of the control group. However, no significant difference was found in erythrocyte rigidity index and oxygen delivery index between the groups. Our results suggested that CLTIHH elevated whole blood viscosity by increasing plasma viscosity, fibrinogen concentration and hematocrit value without effecting the erythrocyte deformability. Hence, CLTIHH that may occur in intermittent high altitude exposure and some severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients may be responsible for hemorheologic changes in those subjects.