A Survey on LoRaWAN Architecture, Protocol and Technologies

Erturk M. A., AYDIN M. A., Buyukakkaslar M. T., Evirgen H.

FUTURE INTERNET, vol.11, no.10, 2019 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/fi11100216
  • Journal Name: FUTURE INTERNET
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: LoRa, LoRaWAN, Long Range Wide Area Networks, LPWAN, IOT, NETWORK, DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION, SYSTEM
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Internet of Things (IoT) expansion led the market to find alternative communication technologies since existing protocols are insufficient in terms of coverage, energy consumption to fit IoT needs. Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) emerged as an alternative cost-effective communication technology for the IoT market. LoRaWAN is an open LPWAN standard developed by LoRa Alliance and has key features i.e., low energy consumption, long-range communication, builtin security, GPS-free positioning. In this paper, we will introduce LoRaWAN technology, the state of art studies in the literature and provide open opportunities.