Conservation of Calligraphy by Calligrapher Hayrettin Bey Hattat Hayrettin Bey’e ait Hat Levhanın Koruma ve Onarım Çalışmaları

EMRE G., Şener E. V., Ersan Eruş H. Ö., Çeti̇Nkaya S., Kartal S.

Art-Sanat Dergisi, no.21, pp.323-358, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/artsanat.2024.21.1363904
  • Journal Name: Art-Sanat Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.323-358
  • Keywords: Calligraphy, conservation, jeli thuluth, restoration, zerendud plaque
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the conservation stages of the Jeli thuluth Zerendüd plaque, made by calligrapher Hayrettin, dated 1310 AH (Muslim calender) and 1892 AD (Gregorian calender), were carried out. The line plate was first examined by visual inspection with visible (VIS) light, raking light (RAK), ultraviolet light (UV) and infrared light (IR). These examinations were occasionally supported by light microscopy. Deteriorations and damages were determined with the obtained data and appropriate legends were created and processed on the line plate’s picture with the help of the Adobe Photoshop program. In addition, samples were taken and analyzed with SEM-EDX in order to understand whether gold and silver leaf were used in the text part and its frame. In light of the information obtained in the documentation, the conservation-restoration process has been started. The surface of the artwork, which was determined to have been repaired before, was first cleaned from the very thick and haphazardly applied old varnish. Thus, the inward concave-shaped deformation of the picture caused by surface tension has been eliminated. Then, respectively; firstly, the blistered parts of the paper support were consolidated. After the filling, retouching and varnishing processes, the frame was restored and the conservation work was completed.