ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIGH-TECH PRODUCT IMPORTS AND CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT IN THE TURKISH ECONOMY


KARATAŞ M. B., YILMAZ S.

Doğuş Üniversitesi Dergisi, vol.24, no.2, pp.1-13, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explain how the current account balance of the Turkish economy is affected by high technology product imports and this trade within the framework of causality analysis. One of the most important factors affecting the current account balance of a country is the import item. As a result of the lower export revenues of the country in return for the imports, the current account balance is adversely affected. The factor that provides the highest return in the production process of the country is the production of high-tech products. While some countries are at the top in the production of high-tech products, others are in the position of importers. Countries that are importers of high-tech products generally have current account deficit problems. However, all countries are trying to build their production structures to produce high-tech products. In this study, the relationship between high technology product imports and current account deficit in the Turkish economy was tested with Granger Causality Analysis. The current account deficit data obtained from the CBRT and the import level of high technology products obtained from TURKSTAT are used monthly between 2013-2021. As a result of the analysis carried out, no causal relationship could be determined between the import of high technology products and the current account deficit.