This study proposes an analytical method for the calculation of the safety factor against lateral spreading in embankments, both for cases with and without basal reinforcement. Hence, a new limit equilibrium approach is presented based on the lower bound plasticity theorem, which allows the computation of the required distribution of stresses along presumed slip surfaces at the limit state. Comparing the required distribution of stresses with the available resistances, the safety factor in the absence of basal reinforcement is calculated. If the safety factor is unsatisfactory, basal reinforcement can be introduced and its contribution to stability quantified. The lower bound approach allows the computation of mobilized resistance along the reinforcement. Accordingly, the proposed method allows the calculation of the safety factor against lateral spreading for problems involving basal reinforcements. Finally, the proposed method is compared with well-established methods in literature. Results suggest that the proposed method is reliable, practical, and applicable to safe and economical designs.