Cross-Reactive Anti-Nucleocapsid Protein Immunity against Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus and Hazara Virus in Multiple Species

Kalkan-Yazici M., Karaaslan E., Cetin N. S., Hasanoglu S., Guney F., Zeybek U., ...More

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, vol.95, no.7, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 95 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1128/jvi.02156-20
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The World Health Organization estimates that there may be three billion people at risk of infection by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a highly lethal emerging Orthonairovirus carried by ticks. On the other hand, the closely related Hazara virus (HAZV), a member of the same serogroup, has not been reported as a pathogen for humans. Given the structural and phylogenetic similarities between these two viruses, we evaluated the immunological similarities of the nucleocapsid protein (NP) of these two viruses in multiple species. Strong antigenic similarities were demonstrated in anti-NP humoral immune responses against HAZV and CCHFV in multiple species using convalescent-phase human CCHF sera, rabbit and mouse polyclonal antiserum raised against CCHFV, and mouse polyclonal antiserum against CCHFV-NP in enzyme immunoassays. We also report a convincing cross-reactivity between NPs in Western blots using HAZV-infected cell lysate as antigen and inactivated CCHFV- and CCHFV-NP-immunized mouse sera. These results suggest that NPs of HAZV and CCHFV share significant similarities in humoral responses across species and underline the potential utility of HAZV as a surrogate model for CCHFV.