Effect of carnosine treatment on oxidative stress in serum, apoB-containing lipoproteins fraction and erythrocytes of aged rats

Aydın A. F. , Kusku-Kiraz Z., Dogru-Abbasoglu S. , Uysal M.

PHARMACOLOGICAL REPORTS, cilt.62, ss.733-739, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 62 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/s1734-1140(10)70331-5
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.733-739


One of the mechanisms underlying the aging process is proposed to be oxidative damage by free radicals. Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) is a dipeptide with antioxidant properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of carnosine supplementation on oxidative stress in serum, apoB-containing lipoproteins (LDL + VLDL) and erythrocytes of young and aged rats. At the initiation of the study, young and aged rats were 5 and 22 months old, respectively. Carnosine (250 mg/kg, daily, ip) was administered for 1 month to young and aged rats. We found that serum malondialdehyde (MDA) and diene conjugate (DC) levels and endogenous DC and copper-induced MDA levels in the LDL + VLDL fraction increased in aged rats, but there was no change in plasma antioxidant activity. Endogenous DC and H(2)O(2)-induced MDA. levels were also higher, but glutathione (GSH) levels were lower in erythrocytes of aged rats. Administration of carnosine for 1 month to aged rats resulted in decreased levels of MDA and DC in serum, the LDL + VLDL fraction and erythrocytes and increased levels of GSH in erythrocytes. Our findings indicate that in vivo carnosine treatment may be useful for the decrease in aged-induced oxidative stress in serum, the LDL + VLDL fraction and erythrocytes.