EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL HUMAN GENETICS, vol.23, no.1, 2022 (ESCI)
Background Pro-inflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokine imbalance in cerebrospinal fluid or plasma of schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) patients has been documented over the last decade. We aim to examine the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) and IL-4 variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphisms in SCZ and BD patients by comparing them with healthy controls. Methods Two hundred and thirty-four unrelated patients (127 patients with SCZ, 107 patients with BD) and 204 healthy controls were included. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders was used to confirm the diagnosis. In addition, the polymerase chain reaction technique was used to investigate IL-1RA and IL-4 VNTR polymorphisms. Results Our results showed that the distributions of IL-1RA and IL-4 genotype and the allele frequencies of SCZ or BD patients were not significantly different from the healthy control group. IL-1RA allele 2 homozygous genotype and IL-1RA allele 2 frequencies were non-significantly higher among SCZ patients than in controls. Conclusions Our study indicates that the IL-1RA and IL-4 VNTR polymorphisms are not considered risk factors for developing SCZ and BD among Turkish patients.