Synthesis and film properties of epoxy esters modified with amino resins from glycolysis products of postconsumer PET bottles

Cam C., Bal A., Guclu G.

POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE, vol.55, no.11, pp.2519-2525, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pen.24142
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2519-2525
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Glycolysis of waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) flakes obtained from grinding postconsumer bottles was carried out at 225-250 degrees C and molar ratios of PET/ethylene glycol were taken as 1/1, 1/1.5, 1/5, and 1/10. Reaction product was extracted by hot water for three times and water-soluble crystallizable fraction and water-insoluble fraction were obtained. These fractions were characterized by acid and hydroxyl value determinations, differential scanning calorimeter analysis, and H-1-NMR analysis. Glycolysis product was used for synthesis of PET-based epoxy resin. This epoxy resin was used to prepare epoxy ester resins having 40% and 50% oil content. Epoxy ester resin having 40% oil content was modified with urea-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins for synthesis of epoxy ester-amino resin. Physical and chemical film properties of epoxy ester and modified epoxy ester resins were investigated. All the epoxy ester and modified epoxy ester films were having excellent adhesion, water, and salt water resistance properties. Modification of PET-based epoxy ester resins with amino resin has significantly improved hardness, impact resistance, and alkaline and acid resistance of resin films. As a result, PET oligomers obtained from glycolysis of postconsumer PET bottles are suitable for manufacturing of amino-resin-modified epoxy ester resins that have improved physical and chemical surface coating properties. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 55:2519-2525, 2015. (c) 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers