The GREGOR Fabry-Perot Interferometer

Puschmann K. G. , Denker C., Kneer F., Al Erdogan N., Balthasar H., Bauer S. M. , ...More

ASTRONOMISCHE NACHRICHTEN, vol.333, no.9, pp.880-893, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Editorial Material
  • Volume: 333 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/asna.201211734
  • Page Numbers: pp.880-893


The GREGOR Fabry-Perot Interferometer (GFPI) is one of three first-light instruments of the German 1.5-meter GREGOR solar telescope at the Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain. The GFPI uses two tunable etalons in collimated mounting. Thanks to its large-format, high-cadence CCD detectors with sophisticated computer hard- and software it is capable of scanning spectral lines with a cadence that is sufficient to capture the dynamic evolution of the solar atmosphere. The field-of-view (FOV) of 50 '' x38 '' is well suited for quiet Sun and sunspot observations. However, in the vector spectropolarimetric mode the FOV reduces to 25 '' x38 ''. The spectral coverage in the spectroscopic mode extends from 530-860 nm with a theoretical spectral resolution of R approximate to 250 000, whereas in the vector spectropolarimetric mode the wavelength range is at present limited to 580-660 nm. The combination of fast narrow-band imaging and post-factum image restoration has the potential for discovery science concerning the dynamic Sun and its magnetic field at spatial scales down to similar to 50 km on the solar surface. (C) 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim