Environmental impacts of ground vibration induced by blasting at different rock units on the Kadikoy-Kartal metro tunnel


Ozer U.

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, cilt.100, ss.82-90, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 100
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.03.006
  • Dergi Adı: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.82-90

Özet

This paper presents the results of ground vibration analysis induced by blasting during the construction of the Istanbul Kadikoy-Kartal metro tunnel. Different rock formations in this tunnel route were encountered during the excavation with blasting. As a first stage, the test site is divided into 6 main regions with respect to lithology changes in the rock units and Hoek's Geological Strength Index value of these rock units. During the excavation, a total of 659 events were recorded in 260 shots by vibration monitors. Scaled distance and peak particle velocity data pairs belonging to these shots were carefully recorded and analyzed statistically. As a result of this analysis, empirical relationships between scaled distance and peak particle velocity were established with higher correlation coefficients specific to each region. Finally, the particle velocities and frequency values of all blast events were evaluated according to Turkish Environmental Regulation the, United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) and the German DIN 4150 Norms in order to predict the influence level to the neighboring buildings and structures. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

 

This paper presents the results of ground vibration analysis induced by blasting during the construction of the Istanbul Kadıköy–Kartal metro tunnel. Different rock formations in this tunnel route were encountered during the excavation with blasting. As a first stage, the test site is divided into 6 main regions with respect to lithology changes in the rock units and Hoek's Geological Strength Index value of these rock units. During the excavation, a total of 659 events were recorded in 260 shots by vibration monitors. Scaled distance and peak particle velocity data pairs belonging to these shots were carefully recorded and analyzed statistically. As a
result of this analysis, empirical relationships between scaled distance and peak particle velocity were established with higher correlation coefficients specific to each region. Finally, the particle velocities and frequency values of all blast events were evaluated according to Turkish Environmental Regulation, the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) and the German DIN 4150 Norms in order to predict the influence level to the neighboring buildings and structures.