Role of positron emission tomography in mediastinal lymphatic staging of non-small cell lung cancer

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Melek H., GÜNLÜOĞLU M. Z., DEMİR A., Akin H., Olcmen A., Dincer S. I.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY, vol.33, no.2, pp.294-299, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Objective: Positron emission tomography (PET) is used increasingly in staging of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as a non-invasive tool The the PET in mediastinal lymphatic staging of NSCLC is not clear. We aimed to demonstrate the efficacy of PET in determining mediastinal lymphatic metastasis by comparing the results of PET with mediastinoscopy. Patients and methods: We performed PET preoperativety in 170 patients with clinically operable NSCLC between 2004 and 2006. Stations defined as metastasis by PET (SUVmax >2.5) were recorded. Mediastinoscopy was performed initially in all, patients and a total of 687 stations which can be reached with mediastinoscope were sampled (mean 4.04). Forty-three patients with mediastinal metastasis were referred to the oncology clinic for chemotherapy white lung resection and complete mediastinal lymphatic dissection through thoracotomy was performed in the remaining 127 patients. Involvement of mediastinal lymph nodes was verified to compare the sensitivity and specificity of mediastinoscopy and the related PET results. Results: Histopathologic classification of the tumors revealed 79 squamous carcinomas and 58 adenocarcinomas. False positivity rate of PET was 26% (95% CI: 14-38), false negativity was 25% (95% CI: 18-33), sensitivity was 74% (95% CI: 63-86), specificity was 73% (95% CI: 66-82) and accuracy was 74% in mediastinal staging. Negative predictive value of mediastinoscopy was 94% (95% CI: 89-98), positive predictive value 100%, sensitivity 84% (95% CI: 74-94), specificity 100% and accuracy was 95%. Conclusion: PET results do not provide acceptable accuracy rates. Mediastinoscopy stilt remains the gold standard for mediastinal staging of NSCLC, although it cannot reach to all the mediastinal stations. (C)007 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.