Solvation-based modeling vapor pressures of (solvent plus salt) systems with the application of Cox equation


Senol A.

FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, cilt.361, ss.155-170, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 361
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.fluid.2013.10.006
  • Dergi Adı: FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.155-170

Özet

A solvation model framework, based on the LSER (linear solvation energy relationship) principles, is proposed for correlating vapor pressures of (solvent + salt) systems. The LSER method basely uses a linear combination of several solvatochromic indices of solvents to describe their physical properties. The assumption inherent in the solvation-based vapor pressure approach is attributed to an additional effect of several physical quantities, i.e. the vapor pressure of a pure solvent estimated by the Cox equation, the salt concentration, the solvatochromic indicators of the solvent and the physical properties of the ionic salt species. It has been performed independently two structural forms of the generalized salvation model, i.e. the integrated property-basis model using nine physical descriptors USMIP (the unified solvation model with the integrated properties) and the reduced property-basis one. Also, a simplified concentration-dependent vapor pressure model is presented. The observed vapor pressure data of fifteen (solvent + salt) and two (solvent (1) + solvent (2) + salt) systems have been processed to establish the basis for the model reliability analysis using a log-ratio objective function. The proposed vapor pressure approaches reproduce the observed performance relatively accurately, yielding the overall design factors of 1.065 and 1.072 for the solvation-based models with the integrated and reduced properties and 1.017 for the concentration-based model, respectively. Both the integrated property-basis and reduced property-basis solvation models were able to simulate satisfactorily the vapor pressure data of a binary solvent mixture involving a salt, yielding an overall mean error of 5.7%. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.