TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT FOURIER-TRANSFORM INFRARED-SPECTRA OF PHOSPHOLIPID-BILAYERS - MELITTIN-INDUCED AND CHOLESTEROL-INDUCED EFFECTS ON MOLECULAR-ORGANIZATION


AKYUZ S., DAVIES J.

VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY, cilt.4, ss.199-206, 1993 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 4 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 1993
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/0924-2031(93)87039-v
  • Dergi Adı: VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.199-206

Özet

The perturbations induced by melittin and cholesterol on the molecular organization of dimyristoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayers, depending on the temperature and concentrations of both melittin and cholesterol, were studied using FT-IR spectrometry. Analysis of the amide I and amide II bands of melittin indicates that melittin exists as a monomer at all temperatures in the DMPC-melittin system (lipid:protein molar ratio R = 14:1) and in DMPC-cholesterol-melittin dispersions (R = 14 and 25) for low cholesterol concentrations (10 mol%). However in the DMPC-cholesterol-melittin systems with high cholesterol (20 mol%) and high melittin (R = 14) concentrations, melittin is found to be in a tetrameric form at T > T(m). The melittin-induced effects in DMPC bilayers containing a low melittin concentration (R = 25) are found to decrease on addition of cholesterol (10 or 20 mol%). Cholesterol, however, has the opposite effect in DMPC-cholesterol-melittin systems containing high cholesterol (20 mol%) and high melittin concentrations (R = 14), i.e., and increased lipid-protein interaction. Cholesterol- and melittin-induced effects on the spectral features of the phospholipid are discussed.