Identification of the pathogenic effects of missense variants causing PRKAG2 cardiomyopathy


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Komurcu-Bayrak E., Kalkan M. A., Coban N., Ozsait-Selcuk B. Ş., Bayrak F.

ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS, vol.727, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 727
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.abb.2022.109340
  • Journal Name: ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: AMPK, Cell culture, In vitro mutagenesis, Missense variant, PRKAG2 cardiomyopathy
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Pathogenic missense variants in PRKAG2, the gene for the gamma 2 regulatory subunit of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), cause severe progressive cardiac disease and sudden cardiac death, named PRKAG2 cardiomyopathy. In our previous study, we reported a E506K variant in the PRKAG2 gene that was associated with this disease. This study aimed to functionally characterize the three missense variants (E506K, E506Q, and R531G) of PRKAG2 and determine the possible effects on AMPK activity.Methods: The proband was clinically monitored for eight years. To investigate the functional effects of three missense variants of PRKAG2, in vitro mutagenesis experiments using HEK293 cells with wild and mutant transcripts and proteins were comparatively analyzed using quantitative RT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: In the long-term follow-up, the proband was deceased due to progressive heart failure. In the in vitro experimental studies, PRKAG2 was overexpressed after 48 h of transfection in three mutated cells, after which the expression levels of PRKAG2 were regressed to the level of wild-type cells in 3-weeks stably transformed cells, except for the cells with E506K variant. E506K, E506Q, and R531G variants had caused a reduction in the AMPK activity and resulted in the formation of cytoplasmic glycogen deposits.Conclusion: Three missense variants that alter AMPK activity affect a residue in the CBS4 domain associated with ATP/AMP-binding. Detailed information on the influence of PRKAG2 pathogenic variants on AMPK activity would be helpful to improve the treatment and management of patients with metabolic cardiomyopathy.