VATER association is diagnosed by the combined presence of at least three of the following features: vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, tracheo-esophageal fistula and/or esophageal atresia, radial ray anomalies, and renal anomalies (53%). Urolithiasis has not been reported in this syndrome. A 4-month old girl presented because of irritability, and the presence of stones in the diapers. Physical examination revealed anal atresia for which colostomy was performed in the newborn period. The diagnosis of VATER association was established by the additional findings of hemivertebrae, sacral dysgenesis, and horseshoe kidney which was partly non-functional. Urinary pH was repeatedly below 6. An excreted stone consisted of pure uric acid. Metabolic investigations detected no specific pathology in purine metabolism, Urolithiasis did not recur after reconstructive anal and anorecto-vaginoplasty, implying that it was a consequence of colostomy and/or of the underlying renal anomaly, We suggest that after colostomy patients with VATER association should be followed for possible urate stones, e.g. by regular screening of urinary pH.