Bird composition and diversity in oak stands under variable coppice management in Northwestern Turkey


Beskardes V. , KETEN A., KUMBAŞLI M., Pekin B., Yilmaz E. , Makineci E. , et al.

IFOREST-BIOGEOSCIENCES AND FORESTRY, cilt.11, ss.58-63, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3832/ifor2489-010
  • Dergi Adı: IFOREST-BIOGEOSCIENCES AND FORESTRY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.58-63

Özet

Coppice management results in profound differences in forest structure and composition, which in turn can modify habitat value for bird species. We measured bird species richness and composition at 50 sample plots in pure oak forest stands in northwestern Turkey, which differed in age, cover and height in association with coppice management. We recorded a total of 38 bird species and 699 individuals across all stands. Regression-based multimodel inference showed that structural features of forest stands strongly affect bird diversity and abundance. While canopy cover and tree height affect bird diversity positively, elevation of sampling plots, tree density and tree diameter at breast height (DBH) had a negative effect. In addition, constrained ordination analyses revealed that canopy cover was the most important factor influencing bird species composition. Forest stands that have 42-85% canopy cover, i.e., a few (2009-2580 oak trees) large tall (13.36-15.78 m) trees, were the most preferred habitat by bird species. However, we also found that different bird species favor different stand structural features. Thus, variation in stand structure from maintaining some coppice management across the landscape may be beneficial for rare or endangered species and result in greater landscape level biodiversity.