Discrimination in the workplace, reported by people with major depressive disorder: a cross-sectional study in 35 countries


Brouwers E. P. M. , Mathijssen J., Van Bortel T., Knifton L., Wahlbeck K., Van Audenhove C., ...More

BMJ OPEN, vol.6, no.2, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009961
  • Title of Journal : BMJ OPEN

Abstract

Objective: Whereas employment has been shown to be beneficial for people with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) across different cultures, employers' attitudes have been shown to be negative towards workers with MDD. This may form an important barrier to work participation. Today, little is known about how stigma and discrimination affect work participation of workers with MDD, especially from their own perspective. We aimed to assess, in a working age population including respondents with MDD from 35 countries: (1) if people with MDD anticipate and experience discrimination when trying to find or keep paid employment; (2) if participants in high, middle and lower developed countries differ in these respects; and (3) if discrimination experiences are related to actual employment status (ie, having a paid job or not).