PHOTODIAGNOSIS AND PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, vol.29, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
The purpose of this research was to examine biofilm (icaA, icaD and bap) and adhesin (clfA, fnbA, cna) genes, and also assess the genotypic and phenotypic antimicrobial resistance patterns of Staphylococcus aureus strains taken from wound specimens in Mardin, Turkey. A total of 220 wound specimens were investigated. The biofilm forming ability and resistance pattern for eleven antimicrobial agents were investigated by conventional and multiplex PCR methods. S. aureus were taken from 112 (50.9%) of 220 wound specimens. Moreover, biofilm production was found in 79 (70.5%) of the 112 S. aureus isolates. 97 (86.6%) strains of all isolates were positive for icaA and icaD, and 15 (13.4%) for bap. The adhesin genes, cna, fnbA and clfA were detected in 98 (87.5%), 87 (77.7%), and 75 (66.9%) strains, respectively. The numbers of MSSA and MRSA bearing antimicrobial resistance genes were 19 (16.96%) and 32 (28.57%) for blaZ, 9 (8.04%) and 17 (15.18%) for tetK, 6 (5.36%) and 14 (12.5%) for ermC, 2 (1.79%) and 7 (6.25%) for tetM, 0 (0%) and 5 (4.46%) for mecA, 2 (1.79%) and 4 (3.57%) for ermA, 1 (0.89%) and 2 (1.79%) for both tetK and tetM, respectively. Our findings indicate that multiplex PCR is a suitable way for identifying biofilm and adhesin producing S. aureus. Our data also provided a country-wide oversight of the S. aureus antimicrobial resistance gene profiles for the properly therapy of patients and to control the spreading of the resistance genes.