The Effect of Perioperative Fluid Management and Operative Modifications on Mortality and Morbidity in Patients Undergoing Pulmonary Endarterectomy

Arslan A., Yanartaş M., Taş S., BOZBUĞA N., YILDIZELİ B.

Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.38, no.1, pp.22-28, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.21470/1678-9741-2021-0009
  • Journal Name: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.22-28
  • Keywords: Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Endarterectomy, Intensive Care Units, Morbity, Pulmonary Embolism, Thrombosis
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023, Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular. All rights reserved.Introduction: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a severe disease treated with pulmonary endarterectomy. Our study aims to reveal the differences in liquid modalities and operation modifications, which can affect the patients’ mortality and morbidity. Methods: One hundred twenty-five patients who were diagnosed with CTEPH and underwent pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) at our center between February 2011 and September 2013 were included in this retrospective study with prospective observation. They were in New York Heart Association functional class II, III, or IV, and mean pulmonary artery pressure was > 40 mmHg. There were two groups, the crystalloid (Group 1) and colloid (Group 2) liquid groups, depending on the treatment fluids. P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Although the two different fluid types did not show a significant difference in mortality between groups, fluid balance sheets significantly affected the intragroup mortality rate. Negative fluid balance significantly decreased mortality in Group 1 (P<0.01). There was no difference in mortality in positive or negative fluid balance in Group 2 (P>0.05). Mean duration of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for Group 1 was 6.2 days and for Group 2 was 5.4 days (P>0.05). Readmission rate to the ICU for respiratory or non-respiratory reasons was 8.3% (n=4) in Group 1 and 11.7% (n=9) in Group 2 (P>0.05). Conclusion: Changes in fluid management have an etiological significance on possible complications in patient follow-up. We believe that as new approaches are reported, the number of comorbid events will decrease.