Interaction between PGI(2) and ET-1 pathways in vascular smooth muscle from Group-III pulmonary hypertension patients


Ozen G. , Benyahia C., Amgoud Y., Patel J., Abdelazeem H., Bouhadoun A., et al.

PROSTAGLANDINS & OTHER LIPID MEDIATORS, cilt.146, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by an elevation of mean pulmonary artery pressure and it is classified into five groups. Among these groups, PH Group-III is defined as PH due to lung disease or hypoxia. Prostacyclin (PGI(2)) analogues (iloprost, treprostinil) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) receptor antagonists (ERA) (used alone or in combination) are therapies used for treating PH. The mechanisms underlying the positive/negative effects of combination treatment are not well documented, and in this study, we tested the hypothesis that the combination of a PGI(2) analogue (iloprost, treprostinil) and an ERA may be more effective than either drug alone to treat vasculopathies observed in PH Group-III patients. Using Western blotting, ETA and ETB receptor expression were determined in human pulmonary artery (HPA) preparations derived from control and PH Group-III patients, and the physiologic impact of altered expression ratios was assessed by measuring ET-1 induced contraction of ex vivo HPA and human pulmonary veins (HPV) in an isolated organ bath system. In addition, the effects of single agent or combination treatments with a PGI(2) analogue and an ERA on ET-1 release and HPA smooth muscle cells (hPASMCs) proliferation were determined by ELISA and MTT techniques, respectively. Our results indicate that the increased ETA/ETB receptor expression ratio in HPA derived from PH Group-III patients is primarily governed by a greatly depressed ETB receptor expression. However, contractions induced by ET-1 are not impacted in HPA and HPV derived from PH Group-III patients as compared to controls. Also, we found that the combination of an ETA receptor antagonist (BQ123) with iloprost provides greater inhibition of hPASMCs proliferation (-48 +/- 14% control; -32 +/- 06% PH) than either agent alone. Of note, while the ETB receptor antagonist (BQ788) increases ET-1 production from PH Group-III patients' preparations (HPA, parenchyma), even under these more proliferative conditions, iloprost and treprostinil are still effective to inhibit hPASMCs proliferation (-22/-24%). Our findings may provide new insights for the treatment of PH Group-III by combining a PGI(2) analogue and a selective ETA receptor antagonist.