Tuberculosis/HIV coinfection associated factors regarding the 2001-2011 timeframe


Bogea Pereira L. F. , Soares D. L. , Silva T. C. , Carvalho de Sousa V. E. , Mendes Caldas A. d. J.

REVISTA DE PESQUISA-CUIDADO E FUNDAMENTAL ONLINE, vol.10, no.4, pp.1026-1031, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.9789/2175-5361.2018.v10i4.1026-1031
  • Title of Journal : REVISTA DE PESQUISA-CUIDADO E FUNDAMENTAL ONLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1026-1031
  • Keywords: Tuberculosis, coinfection, comorbidity, HIV infections, epidemiology, BRAZIL

Abstract

Objective: The study's aim has been to analyze the factors associated with Tuberculosis/HIV coinfection and to determine the maximum and minimum prevalence of HIV test positivity among tuberculosis cases in Maranhao State during the 2001-2011 period. Methods: It is a cohort study that was performed by analyzing data from the Sistema de Informacoes sobre Agravos de Notificacoes (SINAN) [Disease Aggravation Information System]. Poisson's regression model was used with robust variance adjustment in order to identify associations. Results: The Tuberculosis/HIV coinfection prevalence was 15.1%. From a gross data analysis, the significant associations for coinfection were, as follows: male gender, age groups from 20 to 39 years old and from 40 to 59 years old, schooling less than 8 years, entry by transfer and termination by abandonment/death. In the adjusted analysis, male gender, age range from 20 to 39 years old, schooling less than 8 years and termination due to abandonment/death remained associated with the coinfection. Conclusion: The Tuberculosis/HIV coinfection rate was found high and also associated with several factors related to health in Maranhao State.